Effect of chemopreventive compounds from Brassica vegetables on NAD(P)H:quinone reductase and induction of DNA strand breaks in murine hepa1c1c7 cells

C-Y Zhu, S Loft
Food and Chemical Toxicology 2003, 41 (4): 455-62
We have compared the effects of aqueous extracts of cooked Brussels sprouts, isolated glucosinolates and their breakdown products on the activity of quinone reductase [NADPH:quinone-reductase] (QR) and on DNA strand breaks induced by hydrogen peroxide in murine hepa1c1c7 cells. QR activity was not significantly altered after incubation of the cells with Brussels sprouts extracts. However, some of the glucosinolates and in particular their myrosinase-catalysed hydrolysis products and the degradation product of indole-glucosinolates, indole-3-carbinole (I3C), di(indol-3-yl)-methane (DIM) and 2,3-bis(indol-3-ylmethyl)indole (TRI) effectively induced QR activity. Isolated isothiocyanates did not influence the QR activity. The extracts of cooked and autolysed Brussels sprouts and some glucosinolates inhibited the DNA strand breaks induced by 100 microM hydrogen peroxide. Maximum inhibition was by 20-38% after 24 h of preincubation. Hydrolysis of the glucosinolates by myrosinase decreased the inhibitory effects, whereas I3C, DIM or TRI had no effect on DNA damage. Accordingly, the protective effect of Brussels sprouts constituents against induction of oxidative DNA damage appears to be unrelated to enzyme inducing properties via the antioxidant responsive element. Both of these effects could be part of the suggested cancer preventive effect of cruciferous vegetables.


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