Rituximab induces remission of cerebral ischemia caused by thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Han-Mou Tsai, Keith Shulman
European Journal of Haematology 2003, 70 (3): 183-5

OBJECTIVE: This report describes the experience of a case of atypical thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) whose diagnosis was based on severe deficiency of the von Willebrand factor (vWF) cleaving metalloprotease ADAMTS13.

METHODS: The level of ADAMTS13 activity, the titer of the inhibitors of this protease and the size distribution of vWF multimers in plasma samples were analysed in a patient with recurrent episodes of dizziness and blurred vision.

RESULTS: In the absence of thrombocytopenia or microangiopathic hemolysis, diagnosis of TTP was established by demonstration of very low ADAMTS13 activity levels and the presence of inhibitors of this protease. After rituximab therapy decreased the inhibitor titer and increased the ADAMTS13 level, the patient has had no relapse of ischemic symptoms in the following 16 months.

CONCLUSIONS: Acute neurological deficits may occur in TTP without concurrent thrombocytopenia or microangiopathic hemolysis. The role of rituximab for patients with TTP deserves further exploration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"