JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Sleep and long-term ventilation

Samuel L Krachman, Gerard J Criner
Respiratory Care Clinics of North America 2002, 8 (4): 611-29
12602418
The development of sleep-disordered breathing is common in patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency due to neuromuscular and restrictive disorders, as well as in those with COPD. Nocturnal hypoventilation and obstructive and central apneas result in daytime symptoms of hypersomnolence and fatigue, and contribute to abnormalities in awake gas exchange. Long-term mechanical ventilation, delivered invasively by tracheostomy or more recently by NPPV, has been shown to eliminate sleep-disordered breathing and correct abnormalities in nocturnal gas exchange, resulting in an improvement in sleep quality. Improved daytime symptoms and gas exchange, with the suggestion of a decrease in morbidity and mortality, support the use of long-term mechanical ventilation during sleep in selected patients with these disorders.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12602418
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"