Hearing levels in infants and young children in relation to testing technique, age group, and the presence or absence of middle-ear effusion

Diane L Sabo, Jack L Paradise, Marcia Kurs-Lasky, Clyde G Smith
Ear and Hearing 2003, 24 (1): 38-47

OBJECTIVE: As part of a prospective study of possible effects of early-life otitis media on speech, language, cognition, and psychosocial development, we evaluated hearing both during episodes of middle-ear effusion (MEE) and when MEE was not present. The objective of this report is to describe age-specific hearing threshold levels in relation to the presence or absence of MEE in a large sample of young children.

DESIGN: Participants were 1,055 children drawn from a sample of 6,350 children who were enrolled in the larger study by 2 mo of age. Otologic evaluation of each child was conducted at least monthly. The protocol of the larger study called for hearing evaluations 1) after 8 wk of continuous unilateral or bilateral MEE and every 4 wk thereafter until one test had been conducted when MEE was no longer present; 2) immediately before developmental testing; and 3) in a sample of children without MEE to obtain age-specific normative data.

RESULTS: Results are presented by testing technique, age group, and middle-ear condition. In general, hearing threshold levels were highest in the youngest children tested with visual reinforcement audiometry and lowest in the oldest children tested with conventional audiometry. In general also, thresholds were lowest in children with normal middle-ear status, intermediate in children with unilateral MEE, and highest in children with bilateral MEE. On average, the presence of bilateral MEE was associated with hearing threshold levels 10 to 15 dB higher than the normative values for the corresponding age group.

CONCLUSIONS: In infants and young children, audiometric results are influenced by testing technique, age group, and the presence or absence of effusion in each ear.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"