Loss of imprinting of IGF2 and H19 in osteosarcoma is accompanied by reciprocal methylation changes of a CTCF-binding site

Gary A Ulaner, Thanh H Vu, Tao Li, Ji-Fan Hu, Xiao-Ming Yao, Youwen Yang, Richard Gorlick, Paul Meyers, John Healey, Marc Ladanyi, Andrew R Hoffman
Human Molecular Genetics 2003 March 1, 12 (5): 535-49
The adjacent insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and H19 genes are imprinted in most normal human tissues, but imprinting is often lost in tumors. The mechanisms involved in maintenance of imprinting (MOI) and loss of imprinting (LOI) are unresolved. We show here that osteosarcoma (OS) tumors with IGF2/H19 MOI exhibit allele-specific differential methylation of a CTCF-binding site upstream of H19. LOI of IGF2 or H19 in OS occurs in a mutually exclusive manner, and occurs with monoallelic expression of the other gene. Bisulfite sequencing reveals IGF2 LOI occurs with biallelic CpG methylation of the CTCF-binding site, while H19 LOI occurs with biallelic hypomethylation of this site. Our data demonstrate that IGF2 LOI and H19 LOI are accompanied by reciprocal methylation changes at a critical CTCF-binding site. We propose a model in which incomplete gain or loss of methylation at this CTCF-binding site during tumorigenesis explains the complex and often conflicting expression patterns of IGF2 and H19 in tumors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"