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Haemodynamic monitoring and liver function evaluation by pulsion cold system Z-201 (PCS) during orthotopic liver transplantation

Susana Díaz, José Pérez-Peña, Javier Sanz, Luis Olmedilla, Ignacio Garutti, José M Barrio
Clinical Transplantation 2003, 17 (1): 47-55
12588322
Pulsion cold system (PCS, COLD) is a haemodynamic monitoring system that allows measurement of cardiac output (CO), partial blood volumes, lung water, and liver function. The aim of the study was to evaluate this monitoring system during human orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for the following: (a) to determine agreement between CO measurements via pulmonary artery thermodilution (CO TDpa), and aortic transpulmonary thermodilution (CO TDa); (b) to compare the preload dates obtained with the COLD with central venous pressure (CVP) and pulmonary capillary wedge (PCWP); and (c) to assess the use of the plasma disappearance rate (PDR) of indocyanine green (ICG) as a measure of graft function. Fifteen consecutive patients undergoing OLT were studied. Each patient received a pulmonary artery catheter and a 5F aortic catheter with an integrated thermistor. The thermistor of the aortic catheter were connected to one computer system (COLD-Z201, Pulsion Medical Systems, Munich, Germany). Haemodynamic data were registered an all the phases of OLT. PDR was measured during surgery in 12 patients. Correlations between PDR and the other markers of graft function (transaminases, protrombine time, and bile production) were sought. The correlation coefficient between CO TDa (COLD) and CO TDpa was r = 0.766 (p < 0.001), and an additional analysis according to Bland-Altman was also performed. There was a better correlation between the cardiac index (determined by two monitoring systems) and the volume measurements than the correlation observed with pressure preload parameters. The best correlations were found between the cardiac index in the femoral artery and intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBVI) and pulmonary blood volume index (PBVI) (r = 0.79 and r = 0.72, respectively; p < 0.01). PDR measured in the group patients with bad early graft function were lower (13.6 +/- 2.7) than those in the group with a good graft function (21.6 +/- 9) (p < 0.05). The degree of discrepancy between femoral and pulmonary thermodilution cardiac output measures is very wide during OLT so as to make the techniques using the COLD machine clinically useless. On the other hand, the volumes measured by COLD, specially ITBVI and PBVI, are more useful to asses the pre-load than pressure measurements. In OLT, the PDR measured within the first few hours after liver reperfusion may become a useful tool for early diagnosis of primary graft dysfunction (PDF).

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