Cell surface peptidase CD26/DPPIV mediates G-CSF mobilization of mouse progenitor cells

Kent W Christopherson, Scott Cooper, Hal E Broxmeyer
Blood 2003 June 15, 101 (12): 4680-6
CXC ligand 12 (CXCL12; also known as stromal cell-derived factor 1alpha/SDF-1alpha) chemoattracts hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSCs/HPCs) and is thought to play a crucial role in the mobilization of HSCs/HPCs from the bone marrow. CD26 (dipeptidylpeptidase IV [DPPIV]) is a membrane-bound extracellular peptidase that cleaves dipeptides from the N-terminus of polypeptide chains. CD26 has the ability to cleave CXCL12 at its position-2 proline. We found by flow cytometry that CD26 is expressed on a subpopulation of normal Sca-1+c-kit+lin- hematopoietic cells isolated from mouse bone marrow, as well as Sca-1+c-kit-lin- cells, and that these cells possess CD26 peptidase activity. To test the functional role of CD26 in CXCL12-mediated normal HSC/HPC migration, chemotaxis assays were performed. The CD26 truncated CXCL12(3-68) showed an inability to induce the migration of sorted Sca-1+c-kit+lin- or Sca-1+c-kit-lin- mouse marrow cells compared with the normal CXCL12. In addition, CXCL12(3-68) acts as an antagonist, resulting in the reduction of migratory response to normal CXCL12. Treatment of Sca-1+c-kit+lin- mouse marrow cells, and myeloid progenitors within this population, or Sca-1+c-kit-lin- cells with a specific CD26 inhibitor, enhanced the migratory response of these cells to CXCL12. Finally, to test for potential in vivo relevance of these in vitro observations, mice were treated with CD26 inhibitors during granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-induced mobilization. This treatment resulted in a reduction in the number of progenitor cells in the periphery as compared with the G-CSF regimen alone. This suggests that a mechanism of action of G-CSF mobilization involves CD26.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"