Rituximab plus CHOP (R-CHOP) overcomes bcl-2—associated resistance to chemotherapy in elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)

Nicolas Mounier, Josette Briere, Christian Gisselbrecht, Jean-Francois Emile, Pierre Lederlin, Catherine Sebban, Francoise Berger, Andre Bosly, Pierre Morel, Herve Tilly, Reda Bouabdallah, Felix Reyes, Philippe Gaulard, Bertrand Coiffier
Blood 2003 June 1, 101 (11): 4279-84
In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the combination of rituximab and CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicine, vincristine, prednisone; R-CHOP) has been shown to be more effective than CHOP for the treatment of elderly patients. Bcl-2 protein expression has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with DLBCL. To establish whether or not rituximab reduces bcl-2-associated treatment failure, we studied bcl-2 protein expression and clinical outcome in patients included in the Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adulte LNH-98-5 trial. Patients between 60 and 80 years of age were randomized to receive 8 cycles of either CHOP or R-CHOP every 3 weeks. Of the 399 patients included, 292 with histologically proven DLBCL had material available for bcl-2 study. Tumors were considered positive when at least 50% of tumor cells expressed bcl-2 protein. There were 193 (66%) bcl-2+ patients and 99 (34%) bcl-2- patients. The response rates for R-CHOP and CHOP were, respectively, 78% and 60% (P =.01) in bcl-2+ patients and 76% and 73% (P =.7) in bcl-2- patients. At a median of 2 years of follow-up, R-CHOP was significantly associated with a better overall survival than CHOP in bcl-2+ patients (67% +/- 9% versus 48% +/- 11%, P =.004). In bcl-2- patients there was no statistically significant difference (72% +/- 12% versus 67% +/- 14%, P =.6). In addition, R-CHOP was associated with significantly better event-free survival than CHOP in bcl-2+ patients (58% +/- 10% versus 32% +/- 10%, P <.001) but not in bcl-2- patients (60% +/- 13% versus 40% +/- 15%, P =.13). Multivariate analysis confirmed the significant benefit for survival and event-free survival of R-CHOP in bcl-2+ patients. These results suggest that rituximab is able to prevent chemotherapy failure in patients with bcl-2 protein overexpression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"