Preconditioning with cyclosporine A or FK506 differentially regulates mitogen-activated protein kinase expression in rat kidneys with ischemia/reperfusion injury

Chul Woo Yang, Hee Jong Ahn, Ju Young Jung, Wan Young Kim, Can Li, Bum Soon Choi, Hyung Wook Kim, Yong Soo Kim, In Sung Moon, Jin Kim, Byung Kee Bang
Transplantation 2003 January 15, 75 (1): 20-4

BACKGROUND: The signaling pathways of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are important molecular components responsible for ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the kidneys. Preconditioning with cyclosporine A (CsA) or FK506 reduces subsequent I/R injury. We studied the effect of preconditioning with CsA or FK506 on MAPK expression in ischemic rat kidneys.

METHODS: Two separate studies were performed using Sprague-Dawley rats. First, MAPK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK], jun N-terminal kinase [JNK], p38) expressions were observed at 0, 10, 20, 30, 60, 120, and 1,440 min after I/R injury. Second, the effects of preconditioning with CsA or FK506 on MAPK expressions were observed in rat kidneys with I/R injury. I/R injury was induced by clamping both renal arteries for 45 min. Rats were pretreated with intravenous (IV) CsA (3 mg/kg) or IV FK506 (0.3 mg/kg) 6 hr before I/R injury and killed 30 min later. Expression of MAPK was measured using immunoblot and immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS: MAPK (ERK, JNK, p38) expressions were significantly increased in kidneys with I/R injury compared with sham-operated controls, and immunohistochemistry revealed increased MAPK immunoreactivity in renal tubules of the outer medulla. Kidneys preconditioned with low-dose CsA or FK506 showed significantly increased ERK expression compared with kidneys with I/R injury alone (CsA, 9.5- vs. 4.5-fold; FK506 10.4- vs. 4.5-fold: P<0.05) but showed decreased JNK (CsA, 3.8- vs. 5.3-fold; FK506, 3.4- vs. 5.3-fold: P<0.05) and p38 expression (CsA, 2.5- vs. 3.7-fold; FK506, 2.1- vs. 3.7-fold: P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Preconditioning with CsA or FK506 differentially regulates the expression of MAPK in rat kidneys with I/R injury, and this may explain the remarkable protective effects of these agents.

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