JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Glomerular hyperfiltration and the salt paradox in early [corrected] type 1 diabetes mellitus: a tubulo-centric view

Volker Vallon, Roland C Blantz, Scott Thomson
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN 2003, 14 (2): 530-7
12538755
Diabetes mellitus contributes greatly to morbidity, mortality, and overall health care costs. In major part, these outcomes derive from the high incidence of progressive kidney dysfunction in patients with diabetes making diabetic nephropathy a leading cause of end-stage renal disease. A better understanding of the early dysfunctions observed in the diabetic kidney may permit the development of new strategies to prevent diabetic nephropathy. This review proposes a "tubulo-centric" view of glomerular function in early type I diabetes mellitus. The following are particularly discussed (1) the primary role of an increase in reabsorption by the proximal tubule in early glomerular hyperfiltration, (2) the role of sodium-glucose cotransport and tubular growth under these conditions, and (3) the primary role of reabsorption by the proximal tubule for the paradoxical relationship between dietary salt and glomerular filtration rate. Finally, an outline is presented of potential therapeutic implications for the prevention of diabetic kidney disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12538755
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"