Renal failure in cirrhotic patients: role of terlipressin in clinical approach to hepatorenal syndrome type 2

Carlo Alessandria, Wilma Debernardi Venon, Alfredo Marzano, Claudio Barletti, Maurizio Fadda, Mario Rizzetto
European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2002, 14 (12): 1363-8

OBJECTIVES: Renal failure secondary to hepatorenal syndrome or to organic renal disease occurs frequently in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension. The present prospective study investigates the usefulness of terlipressin in both the diagnostic and the therapeutic approach to cirrhotics with renal failure.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients were studied: 11 with hepatorenal syndrome type 2 (group 1) and five with organic renal disease (group 2). All received terlipressin (1 mg/4 h intravenously) for 7 days. Subsequently, 12 patients (nine from group 1 and three from group 2) underwent a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.

RESULTS: Terlipressin significantly improved renal function (serum creatinine, 1.8 +/- 0.8 versus 2.4 +/- 0.9 mg/dl; blood creatinine clearance, 53 +/- 8 versus 21.3 +/- 8.7 ml/min; P < 0.05) in group 1 [8/11 patients (73%) versus 1/5 (20%) of group 2; P < 0.05]. The only patient in group 2 who responded to terlipressin had a mixed renal dysfunction. Renal function improved significantly after transjugular portosystemic shunt in all patients who responded to terlipressin.

CONCLUSIONS: Terlipressin administration significantly improves renal function in cirrhotic patients with hepatorenal syndrome type 2 but not in organic kidney failure. By providing the critical information that a patient's kidney function is (or is not) reversible, a trial with terlipressin may be useful when selecting cirrhotic patients with renal failure as candidates for a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt or liver transplantation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"