JOURNAL ARTICLE

Application of the International Cooperative Ataxia Scale rating in multiple system atrophy

François Tison, Farid Yekhlef, Eric Balestre, Virginie Chrysostome, Niall Quinn, Gregor K Wenning, Werner Poewe
Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society 2002, 17 (6): 1248-54
12465064
We assessed the International Cooperative Ataxia Scale (ICARS) as a means of extracting and rating cerebellar signs in multiple system atrophy (MSA). Cross-sectional analysis of internal consistency, factor structure, and correlation with parkinsonism severity (Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale [UPDRS] III) of the ICARS, in 50 unselected MSA patients (mean age, 67.6 years; mean disease duration, 5.5 years), 50 age-matched and disease duration-matched Parkinson' disease (PD) patients, and 50 control subjects. Fifteen patients (30%) had MSA-C (cerebellar subtype) and 35 (70%) MSA-P (parkinsonism subtype), and 66% had at least one cerebellar sign. The total ICARS score was much higher (fivefold) in MSA compared to PD patients. The ICARS score was twofold higher in MSA-C than in MSA-P patients. MSA-C patients had a higher score than MSA-P mainly on posture and gait disturbances and kinetic functions subscores. All the ICARS items were significantly more severe in MSA than in PD patients, who in turn scored higher than the controls. In MSA, internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach = 0.93). Factor structure analysis revealed four clinically distinct subscores, in accordance with the scale structure, which accounted for 70% of the variance. The ICARS showed less consistency and accuracy in PD patients; however, the ICARS scores significantly correlated with the UPDRS-III scores in both MSA and PD patients. The ICARS appears a useful tool to extract and rate the severity of cerebellar signs in MSA; however, it is clearly contaminated by parkinsonian features.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12465064
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"