JOURNAL ARTICLE

The value of standard serum tumor markers in differentiating mucinous from serous cystic tumors of the pancreas: CEA, Ca 19-9, Ca 125, Ca 15-3

Claudio Bassi, Roberto Salvia, Andrew A Gumbs, Giovanni Butturini, Massimo Falconi, Paolo Pederzoli
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 2002, 387 (7-8): 281-5
12447553

BACKGROUND: Differentiating between mucinous cystic tumors (MCTs) and serous cystic tumors (SCTs) can be a troubling diagnostic dilemma in pancreatology: when SCTs present in their macro-oligocystic form they must be resected because MCT cannot be ruled out, and some tumors considered benign are actually MCTs, which delays diagnosis and places patients at increased risk. Examination of preoperative serum tumor markers may help improve preoperative diagnosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The tumor markers CEA, Ca 19-9, Ca 125, and Ca 15-3 were examined in 157 patients with SCTs or MCTs.

RESULTS: Positive CEA marker status is an indicator of an MCT, although sensitivity is low at 17%. Using three serum tumor markers (CEA, Ca 19-9, and Ca 125), 27% of MCTs were found to have two or more markers positive, compared to none for the SCTs. Sensitivity decreases to 13% for differentiating benign MCTs from benign SCTs but specificity remains 100%.

CONCLUSIONS: In the differential diagnosis of SCTs vs. MCTs no reliable serum tumor marker exists which can diagnose SCTs and spare some patients unnecessary operations. Nonetheless, positive CEA serum marker status and or the presence of more than two positive serum markers (CEA, Ca 19-9, or Ca 125) indicates the presence of an MCT and can prevent delay in diagnosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12447553
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"