COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Partitioning of human and sheep forms of the pathogenic prion protein during the purification of therapeutic proteins from human plasma

Christopher J Stenland, Douglas C Lee, Paul Brown, Stephen R Petteway, Richard Rubenstein
Transfusion 2002, 42 (11): 1497-500
12421224

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic proteins derived from human plasma and other biologic sources have demonstrated an excellent safety record relative to the potential threat of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) transmission. Previously, hamster-adapted scrapie was used as a model agent to assess TSE clearance in purification steps leading to the isolation of biopharmaceutical proteins. The current study investigated the validity of hamster scrapie as a model for human TSE clearance studies. The partitioning of the pathogenic forms of the prion protein associated with human variant CJD (PrP(vCJD)), human sporadic CJD (PrP(sCJD)) and Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (PrP(GSS)) syndrome was compared to the partitioning of hamster scrapie (PrP(Sc)) in three plasma protein purification steps. Sheep scrapie (PrP(Sc)) was similarly evaluated.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The starting materials for three plasma protein purification steps, cryoseparation, 3 percent PEG separation, and 11.5 percent PEG separation, were spiked with brain homogenates containing human PrP(vCJD), human PrP(sCJD), human PrP(GSS), sheep PrP(Sc), and hamster 263K PrP(Sc). The partitioning of the pathogenic form of the PrP was analyzed.

RESULTS: Clearance of the pathogenic form of the PrP was measured relative to the effluent fraction. Regardless of the source of the pathogenic prion, clearance was similar to hamster PrP(Sc). A nominal amount of clearance (approx., 1 log), an intermediate amount of clearance (approx., 2 log), and a substantial amount of clearance (> or = 3 log) were observed for the cryoseparation, 3 percent PEG separation, and 11.5 percent PEG separation steps, respectively. In the latter step, no PrP was detected in the effluents.

CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that human prions, including vCJD prions, can be removed during the purification of human therapeutic proteins and indicate that partitioning of human prions is similar to that observed in the hamster scrapie model.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12421224
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"