JOURNAL ARTICLE

Topical mitomycin-C for pagetoid invasion of the conjunctiva by eyelid sebaceous gland carcinoma

Carol L Shields, Masood Naseripour, Jerry A Shields, Ralph C Eagle
Ophthalmology 2002, 109 (11): 2129-33
12414427

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of topical mitomycin-C for pagetoid invasion of the conjunctiva by sebaceous gland carcinoma.

DESIGN: Prospective noncomparative consecutive interventional case series.

INTERVENTION: All patients received topical 0.04% mitomycin-C four times daily for 1 week followed by 1 week off medication. The treatment cycles were repeated until resolution of the conjunctival malignancy was clinically evident.

PARTICIPANTS: Four patients with histopathologically proven intraepithelial (pagetoid) invasion of the conjunctiva by sebaceous gland carcinoma were managed with this regimen.

RESULTS: The mean patient age was 78 years. Before treatment, the main tumor site included the upper eyelid in two cases and the lower eyelid in two cases. Previous resection of the tumor had been performed elsewhere in three cases over the prior 6 years. At the time of our examination, map biopsies confirmed pagetoid invasion involving 25% to 90% of the conjunctival surface, with bulbar, forniceal, and tarsal conjunctival involvement in all four cases and corneal extension in one case. There was no evidence of deep tumor within the conjunctival stroma or tarsus in any case. After treatment, medication intolerance and early discontinuation occurred in one patient, and continued tumor progression was documented. Of the remaining three patients, chemotherapy was used for a mean of four cycles with complete resolution of the pagetoid invasion, confirmed histopathologically in two cases, and without recurrence in all three cases over 12 months (mean) follow-up. The medication caused moderate temporary local irritation but no serious intraocular or extraocular complications.

CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary evidence suggests that topical mitomycin-C is effective treatment for pagetoid invasion of the conjunctiva by sebaceous gland carcinoma. Longer follow-up is necessary to assess the duration of tumor control.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12414427
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"