OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Recurrence after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair

M Rosen, F Brody, J Ponsky, R M Walsh, S Rosenblatt, F Duperier, A Fanning, A Siperstein
Surgical Endoscopy 2003, 17 (1): 123-8
12360375

BACKGROUND: Although the early results of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair have shown a low recurrence rate, there is a paucity of long-term data. This study reviews a single institution's experience with laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR).

METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of all LVHR performed at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation from January 1996 to March 2001. Recurrence rates were determined by physical exam or telephone follow-up. Factors predictive of recurrence were determined using Cox regression.

RESULTS: Of 100 ventral hernias completed laparoscopically, 96 were available for long-term follow-up (average, 30 months; range 4-65). There were no deaths and major morbidity occurred in seven patients. Recurrences were identified in 17 patients. Nine recurrences occurred in the 1st postoperative year; however, hernia recurrence continued throughout the period of follow-up. Multivariate analysis showed that a prior failed hernia repair was associated with a more likely chance of another recurrence (65% vs 35%, odds ratio (OR) 3.6; p = 0.05) and that an increased estimated blood loss (106 cc vs 51 cc, OR 1.03; p = 0.005) predicted recurrence. Other variables, including body mass index (BMI) (32 vs 31 kg/m2, p = 0.38), defect size (115 cm2 vs 91 cm2; p = 0.23), size of mesh (468 cm2 vs 334 cm2, p = 0.19), type of mesh (p = 0.62), and mesh fixation (p = 0.99), did not predict recurrence. An additional 14 cases required conversion to an open operation, and seven of these cases (50%) had recurrence on long-term follow-up.

CONCLUSION: Although LVHR remains the preferred method of hernia repair at our institution, this study documents a higher recurrence rate than many other short-term series. There results underscore the importance of long-term follow-up in assessing hernia surgery outcome.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12360375
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"