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Xkid chromokinesin is required for the meiosis I to meiosis II transition in Xenopus laevis oocytes

Laurent H Perez, Celia Antonio, Stéphane Flament, Isabelle Vernos, Angel R Nebreda
Nature Cell Biology 2002, 4 (10): 737-42
Xkid chromokinesin is required for chromosome alignment on the metaphase plate of spindles formed in Xenopus laevis egg extracts. We have investigated the role of Xkid in Xenopus oocyte meiotic maturation, a progesterone-triggered process that reinitiates the meiotic cell cycle in oocytes arrested at the G2/M border of meiosis I. Here we show that Xkid starts to accumulate at the time of germinal vesicle breakdown and reaches its largest quantities at metaphase II in oocytes treated with progesterone. Both germinal vesicle breakdown and spindle assembly at meiosis I can occur normally in the absence of Xkid. But Xkid-depleted oocytes cannot reactivate Cdc2/cyclin B after meiosis I and, instead of proceeding to meiosis II, they enter an interphase-like state and undergo DNA replication. Expression of a Xkid mutant that lacks the DNA-binding domain allows Xkid-depleted oocytes to complete meiotic maturation. Our results show that Xkid has a role in the meiotic cell cycle that is independent from its role in metaphase chromosome alignment.


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