Xkid chromokinesin is required for the meiosis I to meiosis II transition in Xenopus laevis oocytes

Laurent H Perez, Celia Antonio, Stéphane Flament, Isabelle Vernos, Angel R Nebreda
Nature Cell Biology 2002, 4 (10): 737-42
Xkid chromokinesin is required for chromosome alignment on the metaphase plate of spindles formed in Xenopus laevis egg extracts. We have investigated the role of Xkid in Xenopus oocyte meiotic maturation, a progesterone-triggered process that reinitiates the meiotic cell cycle in oocytes arrested at the G2/M border of meiosis I. Here we show that Xkid starts to accumulate at the time of germinal vesicle breakdown and reaches its largest quantities at metaphase II in oocytes treated with progesterone. Both germinal vesicle breakdown and spindle assembly at meiosis I can occur normally in the absence of Xkid. But Xkid-depleted oocytes cannot reactivate Cdc2/cyclin B after meiosis I and, instead of proceeding to meiosis II, they enter an interphase-like state and undergo DNA replication. Expression of a Xkid mutant that lacks the DNA-binding domain allows Xkid-depleted oocytes to complete meiotic maturation. Our results show that Xkid has a role in the meiotic cell cycle that is independent from its role in metaphase chromosome alignment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"