JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Congenital upper eyelid coloboma and cryptophthalmos.

PURPOSE: To discuss the relation between congenital upper eyelid coloboma and cryptophthalmos and to present a new grading for both conditions.

METHODS: Observational case series study. Twenty-six children (age range, one day after birth to 15 years old) were included in the study: 19 with upper eyelid coloboma, 4 with classic cryptophthalmos, and 3 with both eyelid coloboma and cryptophthalmos.

RESULTS: Of the 19 cases of upper eyelid coloboma, 5 occurred in isolation, 11 were associated with facial deformities, and 3 were part of a first arch syndrome (according to the Mustardé classification). All cases of classic cryptophthalmos were sporadic and nonsyndromic. All patients with coloboma with facial deformities, cryptophthalmos, and both eyelid coloboma and cryptophthalmos had similar associated facial abnormalities.

CONCLUSION: Upper eyelid colobomas with facial deformities and cryptophthalmos can be considered as one anomaly. A new grading for this anomaly has been suggested. Grade 1: Coloboma without cryptophthalmos. Grade 2: Coloboma with abortive cryptophthalmos. Grade 3: Coloboma with complete cryptophthalmos. Grade 4: Classic cryptophthalmos (absence of all eyelid structures and the eye is completely covered with skin). Grade 5: Severe cryptophthalmos (with severe deformity of the nose and ectropion of the upper lip).

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app