Tympanometric findings in patients with enlarged vestibular aqueducts

Eisuke Sato, Tsutomu Nakashima, David J Lilly, Stephen A Fausti, Hiromi Ueda, Hayato Misawa, Yasue Uchida, Atsushi Furuhashi, Kiyomitsu Asahi, Shinji Naganawa
Laryngoscope 2002, 112 (9): 1642-6

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to study systematically some relationships between the resonance frequency of the middle-ear transmission system and the volume of the endolymphatic duct and sac in patients with an enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA).

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study.

METHODS: Thirteen patients (24 ears) with EVA, 17 subjects (29 ears) with normal hearing, and 17 patients (21 ears) with sensorineural hearing loss without EVA served as experimental subjects. Standard pure-tone audiometry, standard clinical tympanometry (using a 226-Hz probe tone), and multifrequency tympanometry were performed on each ear. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to determine the area of the cochlear modiolus and the volume of the endolymphatic duct and sac.

RESULTS: The audiometric configurations for most patients sloped downward from the low to the high frequencies. A significant air-bone gap was computed at each of these test frequencies. Multifrequency tympanometry yielded resonance frequencies for the patients with EVA that was significantly lower than those measured for the control subjects. In general, for patients with EVA, the resonance frequency of the middle ear system decreased as the volume of the endolymphatic duct and sac increased. This inverse relation was significant (correlation coefficient = -0.483, P =.0157). However, there was no correlation between resonance frequency and the degree of cochlea modiolar deficiency.

CONCLUSIONS: Clinically, our findings suggest that EVA probably should be included in the differential diagnosis for a patient who presents with a moderate to severe mixed hearing loss, a normal tympanogram at 226 Hz, and a resonance frequency that is abnormally low.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"