Acetaldehyde stimulates the activation of latent transforming growth factor-beta1 and induces expression of the type II receptor of the cytokine in rat cultured hepatic stellate cells

Anping Chen
Biochemical Journal 2002 December 15, 368: 683-93
Acetaldehyde, the major active metabolite of alcohol, induces the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC), leading to over-production of alpha1(I) collagen and ultimately causing hepatic fibrosis. The underlying mechanisms of this process remain largely unknown. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a potent inducer of alpha1(I) collagen production. Accumulating evidence has shown a potential role for TGF-beta1 in alcohol-induced hepatic fibrogenesis. The aims of this study were to determine the effect of acetaldehyde on TGF-beta signalling, to elucidate the underlying mechanisms as well as to evaluate its role in expression of alpha1(I) collagen gene in cultured HSC. It was hypothesized that acetaldehyde activated TGF-beta signalling by inducing the expression of elements in the TGF-beta signal transduction pathway, which might contribute to alpha1(I) collagen gene expression in cultured HSC. Initial results revealed that acetaldehyde activated TGF-beta signalling in cultured HSC. Additional studies demonstrated that acetaldehyde stimulated the secretion and activation of latent TGF-beta1, and induced the expression of the type II TGF-beta receptor (Tbeta-RII). Further experiments found cis - and trans -activating elements responsible for Tbeta-RII gene expression induced by acetaldehyde. Activation of TGF-beta signalling by acetaldehyde contributed to alpha1(I) collagen gene expression in cultured HSC. In summary, this report demonstrated that acetaldehyde stimulated TGF-beta signalling by increasing the secretion and activation of latent TGF-beta1 as well as by inducing the expression of Tbeta-RII in cultured HSC. Results from this report provided a novel insight into mechanisms by which acetaldehyde stimulated the expression of alpha1(I) collagen in HSC and a better understanding of effects of alcohol (or acetaldehyde) on hepatic fibrogenesis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"