Direct application of keratinocyte growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-alpha during healing of tympanic membrane perforation in glucocorticoid-treated rats

Shin-Ichi Ishimoto, Toshio Ishibashi, Donald P Bottaro, Kimitaka Kaga
Acta Oto-laryngologica 2002, 122 (5): 468-73
Peptide growth factors and cytokines modulate both normal and impaired wound healing. Topical application of growth factors in the form of ear drops may counteract impairment of wound healing in the tympanic membrane (TM). We applied keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to the perforated TMs of rats in which healing impairment had been caused by systemic administration of a glucocorticoid. Histologic studies of the injured TM, including anti-5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine immunohistochemistry, were performed on the third day after wounding. In the control ear, epidermal migration was markedly inhibited by glucocorticoid treatment and no hyperplasia was observed in any layer at the perforation edge. TMs treated with KGF showed marked hyperplasia in the epithelial layer at the perforation edge. In the bFGF- and TGF-alpha-treated groups, hyperplasia was observed in the epithelial and intermediate layers of the TM near the malleus handle and annulus, while no hyperplasia was seen in any layer at the perforation edge. Only KGF, therefore, improved epidermal migration in the TM, while all the growth factors tested induced hyperplasia in the TM.

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