Dynamic modulation of cerebrovascular resistance as an index of autoregulation under tilt and controlled PET(CO(2))

Michael R Edwards, J Kevin Shoemaker, Richard L Hughson
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2002, 283 (3): R653-62
Transfer function analysis of the arterial blood pressure (BP)-mean flow velocity (MFV) relationship describes an aspect of cerebrovascular autoregulation. We hypothesized that the transfer function relating BP to cerebrovascular resistance (CVRi) would be sensitive to low-frequency changes in autoregulation induced by head-up tilt (HUT) and altered arterial PCO(2). Nine subjects were studied in supine and HUT positions with end-tidal PCO(2) (PET(CO(2))) kept constant at normal levels: +5 and -5 mmHg. The BP-MFV relationship had low coherence at low frequencies, and there were significant effects of HUT on gain only at high frequencies and of PCO(2) on phase only at low frequencies. BP --> CVRi had coherence >0.5 from very low to low frequencies. There was a significant reduction of gain with increased PCO(2) in the very low and low frequencies and with HUT at the low frequency. Phase was affected by PCO(2) in the very low frequencies. Transfer function analysis of BP --> CVRi provides direct evidence of altered cerebrovascular autoregulation under HUT and higher levels of PCO(2).

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