JOURNAL ARTICLE

CHWs trained in ARI management

R Charleston, L Johnson, L Tam
Santé Salud 1994, (4): 14
12179550
Regular supervision and refresher trainings were the key to the success of a CHW (community health worker) training program in rural Bolivia. Since 1988, with the support of PLAN International, volunteer CHWs have been trained in 115 villages in Sucre, a rural health area lacking adequate health centers. CHWs educate the community, diagnose and treat pneumonia and refer severe cases to health centers or hospitals. CHWs who were already working on diarrheal disease control were chosen for the acute respiratory infection (ARI) case management training. A 3-day training program was organized for individual CHWs in their own homes and communities. The course included practicing on real ARI cases under the trainer's supervision. Since the program started, community respect for CHWs has risen. In one remote village, community leaders reported a marked improvement in child survival. Factors which explain the positive effects of CHWs include: a limited number of clearly defined tasks, provision of one-on-one appropriate training, periodic refresher courses, and continuous supervision. The main problems have been a lack of constant supply of essential drugs and some CHWs over-diagnosing pneumonia. However, once diagnosis is made, CHWs are careful about giving the correct antibiotic doses and instructions to mothers. Refresher training and supervision have helped to correct these initial problems. PLAN International and the Ministry of Health have organized supervision and training meetings every 2 months. The CHWs bring to these meetings reports of children treated and referred. Case management is analyzed, resupply of essential medicines is arranged and those with special problems are scheduled for a supervisory visit.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12179550
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"