[Optic nerve disc in unilateral myopia in children]

Bronisława Koraszewska-Matuszewska, Elzbieta Samochowiec-Donocik, Ewa Pieczara, Erita Filipek
Klinika Oczna 2002, 104 (2): 119-21

PURPOSE: The evaluation of biomorphometric parameters of optic nerve head of the eyes in myopic anisometropia, to state if glaucoma similar changes described in adults were present.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 17 children, 14 girls and 3 boys at the age from 7-18 years, mean 12.6 years with unilateral myopia of mean value 8.6 D. The parameters of optic nerve disc: total contour area (TCA), cup/disc ratio (C/D), neuroretinal rim area (Rim), volume of neuroretinal rim (Vol. A), cup volume (Vol. B), maximum slope (MSL) and average slope angle (ASL) were examined using laser scanning ophthalmoscope in the TopSS system of Laser Diagnostic Technologies Inc. The I group consists of myopic eyes, in the II group there were emmetropic eyes of the same children.

RESULTS: Refraction in the I group ranged from -4.5 to -12 D, mean -8.6 D, in the II group from 0 to + 1.0 D, mean 0.07 D. The mean axial length of eyeballs was 25.57 SD 1.9 mm in the I and 22.47 SD 1.09 mm in II group--the difference was significant. There was not statistically significant difference between TCA in the I (mean 1.19 SD 0.75 mm2) and II group (mean 2.13 SD 0.49 mm2). Mean C/D ratio and cup volume were significantly smaller in myopic (C/D 0.23 SD 0.16 Vol. B -0.06 SD 0.05) than in emmetropic eyes (C/D 0.33 SD 0.11 mm3, Vol. B -0.18 SD 0.14 mm3).

CONCLUSIONS: Optic nerve disc images in myopic and glaucomatous eyes in children are different. Smaller optic disc cup in myopic than in emmetropic eyes can show, that children myopic eyeballs enlarged without nerve fibers atrophy.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"