Dynamic effects of leflunomide on IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha activity produced from peritoneal macrophages in adjuvant arthritis rats

Wei-Dong Li, Guo-Xia Ran, Hui-Ling Teng, Zhi-Bin Lin
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 2002, 23 (8): 752-6

AIM: To investigate the effects of leflunomide (LEF) on modulating interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-alpha) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in peritoneal macrophages (PMphi) in adjuvant arthritis rats and elucidate the possible mechanisms of antiinflammatory and antirheumatoid effects of LEF.

METHODS: Freund's complete adjuvant was injected in the hind footpad of rats to induce adjuvant arthritis (AA) rat model. The PMphi samples were taken at different time after medication. IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha activities released from PMphi were measured by ELISA method or bioassay method.

RESULTS: Production of IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha was increased in the culture supernatant of PMphi in AA model rat. LEF could inhibit LPS-induced release of IL-1 and TNF-alpha from PMphi of the AA rats and the inhibitory effects were extremely rapid. LEF (10, 25 mg/kg) administrated for 21d could inhibit IL-6 release from PMphi in AA rats.

CONCLUSION: The antiinflammatory mechanisms of LEF in AA rats might be related to inhibitory level of IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha from PMphi in vivo.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"