JOURNAL ARTICLE

p38 MAPK-mediated signals are required for inducing osteoclast differentiation but not for osteoclast function

Xiaotong Li, Nobuyuki Udagawa, Kanami Itoh, Koji Suda, Yoshiyuki Murase, Tatsuji Nishihara, Tatsuo Suda, Naoyuki Takahashi
Endocrinology 2002, 143 (8): 3105-13
12130576
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL)-induced signals play critical roles in osteoclast differentiation and function. SB203580, an inhibitor of p38 MAPK, blocked osteoclast formation induced by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and prostaglandin E(2) in cocultures of mouse osteoblasts and bone marrow cells. Nevertheless, SB203580 showed no inhibitory effect on RANKL expression in osteoblasts treated with 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and prostaglandin E(2). RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in bone marrow cultures was inhibited by SB203580, suggesting a direct effect of SB203580 on osteoclast precursors, but not on osteoblasts, in osteoclast differentiation. However, SB203580 inhibited neither the survival nor dentine-resorption activity of osteoclasts induced by RANKL. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), IL-1, and TNFalpha all stimulated the survival of osteoclasts, which was not inhibited by SB203580. Phosphorylation of p38 MAPK was induced by RANKL, IL-1, TNFalpha, and LPS in osteoclast precursors but not in osteoclasts. LPS stimulated phosphorylation of MAPK kinase 3/6 and ATF2, upstream and downstream signals of p38 MAPK, respectively, in osteoclast precursors but not in osteoclasts. Nevertheless, LPS induced degradation of IkappaB and phosphorylation of ERK in osteoclasts as well as in osteoclast precursors. These results suggest that osteoclast function is induced through a mechanism independent of p38 MAPK-mediated signaling.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12130576
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"