Assessment of the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia, by serum ferritin, in pregnant women of Southern Iran

Mehran Karimi, Raheem Kadivar, Hooman Yarmohammadi
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research 2002, 8 (7): CR488-92

BACKGROUND: Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is a public health problem in the developing and even industrialized countries. Pregnant women and children under 5 years of age are among the high-risk population. Our main objectives in this study were to obtain the prevalence of IDA in pregnant women by routine methods and by serum ferritin.

MATERIAL/METHODS: We analysed the blood of 270 healthy pregnant mothers, 16 weeks of gestational age. A series of determinations were conducted to determine haemoglobin concentration (Hb); red blood cells count (RBC); serum ferritin and other indexes. Then a questionnaire for epidemiological data, type of diet, level of education, laboratory data, etc. was filled.

RESULTS: The mean values (SD) of haematological indexes were as follows: Hb 12.07I1.5 g/dl; serum ferritin 24.87I19.32 ng/ml; mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) 31.9I1.4 g/dl; mean corpuscular volume (MCV) 82.2I9 fl and mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) 26.4I3.2 pg. 28.5 % of the subjects were anaemic at the time of the study according to serum ferritin (SF < 12 ng/ml) and 16.7% of the mothers had low serum Haemoglobin (Hb<11 g/dl) (P=0.005). There was a positive correlation (r=0.76; P=0.01) between Hb concentration and serum ferritin levels.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of IDA was 28.5%, which is the same as the prevalence found in other developing countries (25-35%). This shows that in southern Iran we are still far behind the health status in the industrialized countries (5-8%).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"