Free fatty acid-induced peripheral insulin resistance augments splanchnic glucose uptake in healthy humans

Mandeep Bajaj, Rachele Berria, Thongchai Pratipanawatr, Sangeeta Kashyap, Wilailak Pratipanawatr, Renata Belfort, Kenneth Cusi, Lawrence Mandarino, Ralph A DeFronzo
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 2002, 283 (2): E346-52
To investigate the effect of elevated plasma free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations on splanchnic glucose uptake (SGU), we measured SGU in nine healthy subjects (age, 44 +/- 4 yr; body mass index, 27.4 +/- 1.2 kg/m(2); fasting plasma glucose, 5.2 +/- 0.1 mmol/l) during an Intralipid-heparin (LIP) infusion and during a saline (Sal) infusion. SGU was estimated by the oral glucose load (OGL)-insulin clamp method: subjects received a 7-h euglycemic insulin (100 mU x m(-2) x min(-1)) clamp, and a 75-g OGL was ingested 3 h after the insulin clamp was started. After glucose ingestion, the steady-state glucose infusion rate (GIR) during the insulin clamp was decreased to maintain euglycemia. SGU was calculated by subtracting the integrated decrease in GIR during the period after glucose ingestion from the ingested glucose load. [3-(3)H]glucose was infused during the initial 3 h of the insulin clamp to determine rates of endogenous glucose production (EGP) and glucose disappearance (R(d)). During the 3-h euglycemic insulin clamp before glucose ingestion, R(d) was decreased (8.8 +/- 0.5 vs. 7.6 +/- 0.5 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.01), and suppression of EGP was impaired (0.2 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.07 +/- 0.03 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.01). During the 4-h period after glucose ingestion, SGU was significantly increased during the LIP vs. Sal infusion study (30 +/- 2 vs. 20 +/- 2%, P < 0.005). In conclusion, an elevation in plasma FFA concentration impairs whole body glucose R(d) and insulin-mediated suppression of EGP in healthy subjects but augments SGU.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"