Modulation by peroxynitrite of Akt- and AMP-activated kinase-dependent Ser1179 phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase

Ming-Hui Zou, Xiu-Yun Hou, Chao-Mei Shi, Daisuke Nagata, Kenneth Walsh, Richard A Cohen
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2002 September 6, 277 (36): 32552-7
Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), a nitric oxide-derived oxidant, uncouples endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and increases enzymatic production of superoxide anions (O(2)()) (Zou, M. H., Shi, C., and Cohen, R. A. (2002) J. Clin. Invest. 109, 817-826). Here we studied how ONOO(-) influences eNOS activity. In cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC), ONOO(-) increased basal and agonist-stimulated Ser(1179) phosphorylation of eNOS, whereas it decreased nitric oxide production and bioactivity. However, ONOO(-) strongly inhibited the phosphorylation and activity of Akt, which is known to phosphorylate eNOS-Ser(1179). Moreover, expression of an Akt dominant-negative mutant did not prevent ONOO(-)-enhanced eNOS-Ser(1179) phosphorylation. In contrast to Akt, ONOO(-) significantly activated 5'-AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), as evidenced by its increased Thr(172) phosphorylation as well as increased Ser(92) phosphorylation of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase, a downstream target of AMPK. Associated with the increased release of O(2)(), ONOO(-) significantly increased the co-immunoprecipitation of eNOS with AMPK. Further, overexpression of the AMPK-constitutive active adenovirus significantly enhanced ONOO(-) up-regulated eNOS-Ser(P)(1179). In contrast, overexpression of a dominant-negative AMPK mutant attenuated the ONOO(-)-enhanced eNOS-Ser(1179) phosphorylation as well as O(2)() release. We conclude that ONOO(-) inhibits Akt and increases AMPK-dependent Ser(1179) phosphorylation of eNOS resulting in enhanced O(2)() release.

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