Vascular closure devices in patients treated with anticoagulation and IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors during percutaneous revascularization

Robert J Applegate, Mark A Grabarczyk, William C Little, Timothy Craven, Michael Walkup, Frederic R Kahl, Gregory A Braden, Kevin M Rankin, Michael A Kutcher
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2002 July 3, 40 (1): 78-83

OBJECTIVES: The study assessed clinical outcomes of closure device use following percutaneous coronary revascularization using current standards of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy.

BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the outcomes of patients by use of vascular closure devices during coronary interventions employing current standards of anticoagulation and glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor therapy is limited.

METHODS: We evaluated outcomes of 4,525 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention between July 1997 and April 2000. All patients received anticoagulation with heparin and GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor therapy with abciximab. The closure method was manual in 1,824 patients, Angioseal in 524 patients and Perclose in 2,177 patients. Procedural and hospital vascular outcomes were evaluated.

RESULTS: Closure device success was 97.1% Angioseal and 94.1% Perclose (p < 0.05). Minor vascular complications occurred in 1.8% of manual patients, 1.1% of Angioseal patients and 1.2% of Perclose patients (p = NS); major complications occurred in 1.3% of manual patients, 1.1% of Angioseal patients and 1.0% of Perclose patients (p = NS). Multivariate logistic regression identified only closure device failure as an independent predictor of a vascular complication. In patients with successful closure with a device, minor complications (0.8% vs. 1.8%, p < 0.05) and any complication (1.5% vs. 2.5%, p < 0.05) were reduced compared to manual compression.

CONCLUSIONS: Arterial closure following coronary interventions using anticoagulation and GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor therapy can be safely and effectively performed, with vascular complication rates similar to or lower than with manual pressure. Additionally, vascular complication rates using GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor therapy regardless of the method of arterial closure are equivalent to or lower than previously published rates of vascular complications.

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