Resiniferatoxin antagonizes cisplatin-induced emesis in dogs and ferrets

Hisashi Yamakuni, Hiroe Sawai-Nakayama, Katsunori Imazumi, Yasue Maeda, Masahiko Matsuo, Toshitaka Manda, Seitaro Mutoh
European Journal of Pharmacology 2002 May 10, 442 (3): 273-8
We evaluated the antiemetic activity of resiniferatoxin, an ultrapotent capsaicin analogue, on cisplatin- and apomorphine-induced emesis in dogs, and on cisplatin-induced acute and delayed emesis in ferrets. In the dog, resiniferatoxin (10 microg/kg, s.c.) 30 min before the injection of cisplatin markedly prevented acute emesis induced by cisplatin. When animals were given resiniferatoxin (10 microg/kg, s.c.) 24 h prior to cisplatin, the emesis was still inhibited, but not significantly. Resiniferatoxin (10 microg/kg, s.c.) 30 min before the administration of apomorphine also significantly reduced the emetic responses induced by apomorphine in dogs. In the ferret, resiniferatoxin (10 microg/kg, s.c.) 30 min prior to cisplatin completely inhibited acute emesis caused by cisplatin (10 mg/kg, i.p.). When ferrets were given resiniferatoxin (10 microg/kg, s.c.) 16 h prior to cisplatin, the emesis was still significantly inhibited. Cisplatin (5 mg/kg, i.p.) induced both acute (0-24 h) and delayed (24-72 h) phase emesis, and a single injection of resiniferatoxin (10 microg/kg, s.c.) at 36 h after cisplatin significantly reduced subsequent emetic responses during the 36-72 h period. These results suggest that resiniferatoxin-related vanilloids may be useful drugs against both acute and delayed emesis induced by cancer chemotherapy.

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