Engineering of Ralstonia eutropha for production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) from fructose and solid-state properties of the copolymer

Toshiaki Fukui, Hideki Abe, Yoshiharu Doi
Biomacromolecules 2002, 3 (3): 618-24
Recombinant Ralstonia eutropha capable of producing poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) copolymer [P(3HB-co-3HHx)] from fructose was engineered by introduction of genes for crotonyl-CoA reductase (CCR) from Streptomyces cinnamonensis (ccrSc) and for PHA synthase and (R)-specific enoyl-CoA hydratase from Aeromonas caviae (phaC-JAc). In this recombinant strain, C6-acyl-CoA intermediates were provided via beta-ketothiolase-mediated elongation of butyryl-CoA, which was generated from crotonyl-CoA by the function of CCR. The recombinant strain could accumulate the copolyester up to 48 wt % of dry cell weight with 1.5 mol % of 3HHx fraction from fructose, when the expression of ccrSc under the control of the PBAD promoter was induced with 0.01% L-arabinose. The absence of L-arabinose or the deletion of ccrSc from the plasmid resulted in accumulation of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) homopolymer, indicating the critical role of CCR in the formation of the 3-hydroxyhexanoate unit. Higher CCR activity obtained by the addition of a larger amount of L-arabinose did not affect the composition but reduced the intracellular content of the copolyester. The P(3HB-co-1.5 mol % 3HHx) copolyester produced from fructose by the recombinant R. eutropha showed relatively lower melting temperatures (150 degrees C and 161 degrees C) and lower crystallinity (48 +/- 5%) compared to those (175 degrees C and 60 +/- 5%) of P(3HB) homopolymer. It has been found that the incorporation of a small amount (1.5 mol %) of 3HHx units into P(3HB) sequences leads to a remarkable change in the solid-state properties of P(3HB) crystals. The present study demonstrates the potential of the engineered pathway for the production of copolyesters having favorable characteristics from inexpensive carbon resources.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"