JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Utility of plasma free metanephrines for detecting childhood pheochromocytoma.

Measurements of plasma free metanephrines, normetanephrine (NMN) and metanephrine (MN), provide a sensitive test for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in adults but have not been evaluated in children. We therefore established reference ranges for plasma and urinary metanephrines and the catecholamines, norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E), in 86 healthy children (age 5-17). A group of 158 healthy adults (age 18-72) served as a comparison group. Pediatric reference ranges were applied to examine the diagnostic utility of the various tests in 45 children evaluated for pheochromocytoma (age 8-17; 38 with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome), with tumors found on 12 occasions. Upper reference limits for E and MN were higher and those for NE and NMN lower in children than in adults. Boys had higher plasma levels of E and MN and higher urinary excretion of all four amines than girls. Plasma free metanephrines provided a diagnostic test with values for sensitivity (100%) and specificity (94%) that were equal to or higher than those of other tests. In two children screened for pheochromocytoma on multiple occasions, use of pediatric reference ranges for plasma free metanephrines indicated the tumor a year earlier than indicated using adult reference ranges. The findings indicate that plasma free metanephrines provide a sensitive tool for detection of pheochromocytoma in children. Age appropriate reference ranges should be used and gender differences should be considered.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app