The relationships among peak torque, mean power output, mechanomyography, and electromyography in men and women during maximal, eccentric isokinetic muscle actions

Joel T Cramer, Terry J Housh, Tammy K Evetovich, Glen O Johnson, Kyle T Ebersole, Sharon R Perry, Anthony J Bull
European Journal of Applied Physiology 2002, 86 (3): 226-32
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the velocity-related patterns of peak torque (PT), mean power output (MP), mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude, and electromyographic (EMG) amplitude of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle in men and women during maximal, eccentric isokinetic muscle actions of the leg extensors. Eight women [mean (SD)] [aged 23 (3) years] and seven men [aged 23 (2) years] volunteered for this investigation. Their PT was measured on a calibrated dynamometer at randomly ordered velocities of 30, 90, and 150 degrees x s(-1). A piezoelectric MMG recording sensor was placed between bipolar surface EMG electrodes (Ag-AgCl) over the VL muscle. Their MP was determined using the dynamometer software. The results indicated no sex-related differences (P > 0.05) for the patterns of PT, MP, MMG amplitude, or EMG amplitude across velocity. The normalized values for MP and MMG amplitude increased (P<0.05) from 30 to 150 degrees x s(-1) (30 degrees x s(-1) <90 degrees x s(-1) < 150 degrees x s(-1)), while PT and EMG amplitudes remained unchanged across velocity. The results indicated close associations between the velocity-related patterns of MP and MMG amplitudes as well as PT and EMG amplitudes. Thus, MMG amplitude reflected the velocity-related changes in muscle power output, but not torque production, while EMG amplitude reflected torque production, but not muscle power output. During maximal, eccentric isokinetic muscle actions, EMG and MMG signals provided unique information regarding the electrical and mechanical aspects of muscle strength and power.

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