JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Open reduction and internal fixation of displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus.

BACKGROUND: Thirty-two displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus in 30 patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Fracture classification was based on Sanders computed tomographic classification. There were 18 type II fractures, 10 type III fractures, and 4 type IV fractures.

METHODS: The operations were performed using a standard extended lateral approach, and the fractures were fixed with small-fragment AO T-plates without bone grafting. Average follow-up was 35.4 months (range, 24-53 months). The Creighton-Nebraska Health Foundation Assessment score for fractures of the calcaneus was used for evaluation.

RESULTS: The average score was 86.7 for type II, 82.3 for type III, and 59.2 for type IV fractures. There was a clear statistically significant superiority with type II and type III fractures treated with open reduction when compared with type IV fractures (p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: On the basis of our result, we recommend that type II and type III fractures be treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Despite the results of type IV fractures being significantly worse than that of type II and type III fractures, we recommend open reduction and internal fixation for type IV fractures to restore the hindfoot architecture and the subtalar joint, if possible. When the disrupted subtalar joint is so comminuted that it is beyond the surgeon's ability to reconstruct, primary subtalar arthrodesis should be performed in addition to open reduction and internal fixation.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app