Exercise conditioning attenuates the hypertensive effects of nitric oxide synthase inhibitor in rat

Kazim Husain
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 2002, 231 (1-2): 129-37
Many individuals with cardiovascular diseases undergo periodic exercise conditioning with or with out medication. Therefore, this study investigated the interaction of exercise training and chronic nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor (Nitro-L-Arginine Methyl Ester, L-NAME) treatment on blood pressure and its correlation with aortic nitric oxide (NO), antioxidant defense system and oxidative stress parameters in rats. Fisher 344 rats were divided into four groups: (1) sedentary control, (2) exercise training (ET) for 8 weeks, (3) L-NAME (10 mg/kg, subcutaneous for 8 weeks) and (4) ET + L-NAME. Blood pressure (BP) was monitored weekly for 8 weeks with tail-cuff method. The animals were sacrificed 24 h after last treatments and thoracic aortic rings were isolated and analyzed. Exercise conditioning resulted in a significant increase in respiratory exchange ratio (RER), aortic NO production, NO synthase activity and inducible iNOS protein expression. Training significantly enhanced aortic GSH levels, GSH/GSSG ratio and up-regulation of aortic CuZn-SOD, Mn-SOD, catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity and protein expression and significantly decreased aortic lipid peroxidation. Chronic L-NAME administration resulted in a significant depletion of aortic NO, NOS activity, endothelial (eNOS) and iNOS protein expression, GSH level, GSH/GSSG ratio, down-regulation of aortic antioxidant enzyme activities and protein expressions. Aortic xanthine oxidase (XO) activity significantly increased with increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation after L-NAME administration. The biochemical changes were accompanied by increased in BP. Interaction of training and chronic NOS inhibitor treatment resulted in normalization of BP and aortic antioxidant enzyme activity and protein expression, up-regulation of aortic GSH/GSSG ratio, NO levels, Mn-SOD protein expression, depletion of GSSG, protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation. The data suggest that training attenuated the oxidative injury caused by chronic NOS inhibitor treatment by up-regulating the NO and antioxidant systems and lowering the BP in rats.

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