JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Fluoxetine in the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Roxane R Carr, Mary H H Ensom
Annals of Pharmacotherapy 2002, 36 (4): 713-7
11918525

OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of fluoxetine in the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

DATA SOURCES: Search strategy included MEDLINE (1966-February 2002), Embase (1988-February 2002), HealthStar (1975-December 2000), Current Contents (1996-November 2001), and Copernic (November 2001). Search terms included fluoxetine, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, PMDD, late luteal-phase dysphoric disorder, and severe premenstrual syndrome.

STUDY SELECTION: English-language human studies were selected and evaluated based on quality of evidence.

DATA SYNTHESIS: Eight prospective trials (3 double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover; 3 double-blind, randomized, controlled; 2 open-label), 1 case series, and 1 meta-analysis were identified. Although 6 of the studies involved small sample sizes (n < 50), all found fluoxetine to be effective in the treatment of PMDD.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite limited data, fluoxetine 20 mg/d appears to be effective in the treatment of PMDD. However, adverse effects, particularly headaches and sexual dysfunction, are possible. Given the long half-life of fluoxetine and the short duration of PMDD symptoms per cycle, larger, well-designed clinical trials evaluating intermittent dosing for only 1 week or a few doses need to be performed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11918525
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"