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Inhibition of human thrombin assessed with different substrates and inhibitors. Characterization of fibrinopeptide binding interaction

J J Gorman
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1975 December 15, 412 (2): 273-82
1191680
The activity of human thrombin has been assessed with fibrinogen, N-alpha-benzoyl-phenylalanyl-valyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide, N-alpha-benzoyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide, N-alpha-carbobenzoxy-tyrosine-p-nitrophenyl ester and p-nitrophenylacetate: increased rates of hydrolysis were found for N-alpha-carbobenzoxy-tyrosine-p-nitrophenyl ester and N-alpha-benzoyl-phenylalanyl-valyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide compared to N-alpha-benzoyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide and p-nitrophenylacetate. Phenylmethyl sulfonyl fluoride and N-alpha-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone inhibited, to the same degree, the activity toward each substrate. Inclusion of N-alpha-tosyl-arginine methyl ester in the phenylmethyl sulfonyl fluoride reaction mixtures protected the enzyme from inhibition as shown with N-alpha-benzoyl-phenylalanyl-valyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide and N-alpha-carbobenzoxy-tyrosine-p-nitrophenyl ester. N-Acetylimidazole inhibited the activity towards fibrinogen, N-alphrosine-p-nitrophenyl ester to varying degrees. Inhibition of N-alpha-benzoyl-phenylalanyl-valyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide was completely reversible with neutral hydroxylamine, whereas coagulant activity towards fibrinogen was only partially regained. Human fibrinopeptide A inhibited activity toward N-alpha-benzoyl-phenylalanyl-valyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide and N-alpha-carbobenzoxy-tyrosine-p-nitrophenyl ester. The mode of inhibition of N-alpha-benzoyl-phenylalanyl-valyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide by fibrinopeptide A was non=competitive (K1 = 3.02.10(-5) M), whereas N-alpha-toysyl-arginine methyl ester was a competitive inhibitor of this substrate (K1 = 2.6.10(-5) M). These studies demonstrate more than one binding domain for fibrinogen on human thrombin.

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