REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, apoptosis, and colon-cancer chemoprevention.

Lancet Oncology 2002 March
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can inhibit colorectal tumorigenesis and are among the few agents known to be chemopreventive. Epidemiological studies and experiments with animals have shown that NSAIDs have powerful anticolorectal cancer properties, but the mechanism of these effects remains unclear. NSAIDs can inhibit neoplastic growth by inducing apoptosis in cancer cells; the way they do this is currently an area of intense investigation. The most well-characterised pharmacological feature of NSAIDs is their inhibition of the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase (COX), which catalyses the synthesis of prostaglandins. Several studies have shown that COX inhibition prevents cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis. The chemopreventive effects of NSAIDs are thought to occur via this pathway. Other observations indicate that NSAIDs also promote apoptosis through mechanisms that are independent of COX inhibition. This idea is supported by the finding that compounds that are structurally similar to NSAIDs, but do not inhibit COX, also have chemopreventive and proapoptotic properties. COX-dependent and COX-independent mechanisms of apoptosis induction are not mutually exclusive, and it is likely that both have a role in the biological activity of NSAIDs. Knowledge of how NSAIDs prevent neoplastic growth will greatly aid the design of better chemopreventive drugs and novel treatments for colorectal cancer.

Full text links

Management of Latent Tuberculosis Infection.JAMA 2023 January 20
Misdiagnosis in the Emergency Department: Time for a System Solution.JAMA 2023 January 28

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app