Acquired uniparental disomy of chromosome 9p is a frequent stem cell defect in polycythemia vera

Robert Kralovics, Yongli Guan, Josef T Prchal
Experimental Hematology 2002, 30 (3): 229-36

OBJECTIVE: Clonal stem cell proliferation and increased erythrocyte mass are hallmarks of the myeloproliferative disorder polycythemia vera (PV). The molecular basis of PV is unknown.

METHODS: We carried out a genome-wide screening for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and analyzed candidate genes within the LOH loci.

RESULTS: Three genomic regions were identified on chromosomes 9p, 10q, and 11q. The presence of these LOHs in both myeloid and lymphoid cells indicated their stem cell origin. The 9pLOH prevalence is approximately 33% and is the most frequent chromosomal lesion described in PV so far. We report that the 9pLOH is due to mitotic recombination and therefore remains undetectable by cytogenetic analysis. Nineteen candidate genes were selected within the 9pLOH region for sequencing and expression analysis. No mutations were found in these genes; however, unexpectedly, increased expression of the transcription factor NFI-B was detected in granulocytes and CD34(+) cells in PV with 9pLOH. Since a member of the NFI gene family (NFI-X) was reported to result in TGF-beta resistance when overexpressed in vitro (TGF-beta is a known inhibitor of hematopoiesis), we transfected the NFI-B gene to the mouse 32D cell line. We found that overexpression of the NFI-B gene confers TGF-beta resistance in vitro.

CONCLUSIONS: We characterized a new region on chromosome 9p frequently involved in LOH in PV. Analysis of genes within this 9pLOH region revealed increased expression of the NFI-B gene. Our in vitro studies suggest that TGF-beta resistance may be the physiologic mechanism of clonal stem cell expansion in PV.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.