Specific inhibition of human skin fibroblast chemotaxis to platelet-derived growth factor A-chain homodimer by transforming growth factor-beta1

Yoshinao Soma, Masako Mizoguchi, Kenichi Yamane, Norihito Yazawa, Masahide Kubo, Hironobu Ihn, Kanako Kikuchi, Kunihiko Tamaki
Archives of Dermatological Research 2002, 293 (12): 609-13
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) have been suggested to play important roles in wound healing. We investigated the effect of TGF-beta1 on the mitogenic and chemotactic activities of PDGF A-chain homodimer (PDGF-AA) and B-chain homodimer (PDGF-BB) in primary cultures of human skin fibroblasts. TGF-beta1 inhibited the growth-promoting activity of both PDGFs. Proliferative responses to basic fibroblast growth factor and epidermal growth factor were also restricted by TGF-beta1. A Boyden chamber chemotaxis assay revealed that the chemotactic migration to PDGF-AA was inhibited by TGF-beta1 pretreatment, but in contrast, the response to PDGF-BB was not affected by the same treatment. Western blot analysis showed that TGF-beta1 downregulated PDGF alpha-receptors, but not beta-receptors, indicating that the isoform-specific inhibition of chemotaxis is related to differential effects of TGF-beta1 on PDGF receptor expression. The present findings suggest that TGF-beta1 may act antagonistically towards PDGFs in humans under certain conditions, and this antagonistic nature of TGF-beta1 must be considered when it is applied to human wounds as a therapeutic agent.

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