JOURNAL ARTICLE

Specific inhibition of human skin fibroblast chemotaxis to platelet-derived growth factor A-chain homodimer by transforming growth factor-beta1

Yoshinao Soma, Masako Mizoguchi, Kenichi Yamane, Norihito Yazawa, Masahide Kubo, Hironobu Ihn, Kanako Kikuchi, Kunihiko Tamaki
Archives of Dermatological Research 2002, 293 (12): 609-13
11875643
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) have been suggested to play important roles in wound healing. We investigated the effect of TGF-beta1 on the mitogenic and chemotactic activities of PDGF A-chain homodimer (PDGF-AA) and B-chain homodimer (PDGF-BB) in primary cultures of human skin fibroblasts. TGF-beta1 inhibited the growth-promoting activity of both PDGFs. Proliferative responses to basic fibroblast growth factor and epidermal growth factor were also restricted by TGF-beta1. A Boyden chamber chemotaxis assay revealed that the chemotactic migration to PDGF-AA was inhibited by TGF-beta1 pretreatment, but in contrast, the response to PDGF-BB was not affected by the same treatment. Western blot analysis showed that TGF-beta1 downregulated PDGF alpha-receptors, but not beta-receptors, indicating that the isoform-specific inhibition of chemotaxis is related to differential effects of TGF-beta1 on PDGF receptor expression. The present findings suggest that TGF-beta1 may act antagonistically towards PDGFs in humans under certain conditions, and this antagonistic nature of TGF-beta1 must be considered when it is applied to human wounds as a therapeutic agent.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11875643
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"