JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison of ventilatory expired gas parameters used to predict hospitalization in patients with heart failure

Ross Arena, Reed Humphrey
American Heart Journal 2002, 143 (3): 427-32
11868047

BACKGROUND: Several ventilatory expired gas measures obtained during exercise testing demonstrate prognostic value in the heart failure (HF) population. Comparison of prognostic efficacy between pertinent measures is sparse.

METHODS: The ability of various expressions of peak oxygen consumption (VO2), the relationship between minute ventilation (VE) and carbon dioxide production (VCO2), and the partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (P(ET)CO2) were assessed to determine which measure(s) best predicted cardiac-related hospitalization over a 1-year period in subjects diagnosed with HF.

RESULTS: Univariate Cox regression analysis found that several expressions of peak VO 2, VE-VCO2 relationship, and P(ET)CO2 were significant predictors of hospitalization. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the VE/VCO2 slope significantly predicted hospitalization (chi2 = 29.1, P <.00001). Peak VO 2 and P(ET)CO2 did not provide additional predictive value.

CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic superiority of the VE/VCO2 slope over peak VO2 may be a result of the latter measure's partial dependence on subject effort and skeletal muscle function.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11868047
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"