Ventilatory response to exercise improves risk stratification in patients with chronic heart failure and intermediate functional capacity

Ugo CorrĂ , Alessandro Mezzani, Enzo Bosimini, Francesco Scapellato, Alessandro Imparato, Pantaleo Giannuzzi
American Heart Journal 2002, 143 (3): 418-26

BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen consumption (VO2) has an important prognostic role in chronic heart failure (CHF), but its discriminatory power is limited in patients with intermediate exercise capacity (peak VO2 between 10-18 mL/kg/min). Thus, supplementary exertional indexes are greatly needed.

METHODS: Six hundred patients with CHF with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < or = 40% who performed a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing were screened and followed up for 780 +/- 450 days.

RESULTS: Eighty-seven patients had major cardiac events (77 cardiac deaths and 10 urgent heart transplantations). Multivariate analysis revealed the rate of increase of minute ventilation per unit of increase of carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 slope) (chi2, 79.3, P <.0001), LVEF (chi2, 24.6, P <.0001), and peak VO2 (chi2, 9.4, P <.0001) as independent and additional predictors of major cardiac events. VE/VCO2 slope was the strongest independent predictor of outcome (chi2, 20.9, P =.0001) in patients with intermediate peak VO2 (n = 403), and the best cutoff value was 35 (chi2, 25.8; relative risk = 3.2, 95% CI 2.0-5.1, P <.0001). Total mortality rate was 30% in patients with VE/VCO2 slope > or = 35 (n = 103, 26%) and 10% in those with VE/VCO2 slope <35 (n = 300, 74%) (P <.0001). Patients with VE/VCO2 slope > or = 35 had a similar total mortality rate to those with peak VO2 < or = 10 mL/kg/min (30% vs 37%, P not significant).

CONCLUSIONS: A rational and pragmatic risk stratification process with symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing in CHF should include both peak VO2 and VE/VCO2 slope, the latter index effectively predicting outcome in almost one fourth of patients with intermediate exercise capacity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"