Expression of the mouse gap junction gene Gjb3 is regulated by distinct mechanisms in embryonic stem cells and keratinocytes

Achim Plum, Gabi Hallas, Klaus Willecke
Genomics 2002, 79 (1): 24-30
Connexins are the protein subunits of gap junction channels and are expressed in a highly regulated temporal and spatial pattern in embryonic development and adult life, with most cell types expressing more than one isoform. Connexin31 (Cx31) is encoded by the gene Gjb3 and expressed throughout mouse development n a complex pattern; in adult mice it becomes restricted to the granular layer of epidermis, testis, and placenta. In placenta, lack of Cx31 leads to transient dysmorphogenesis affecting embryonic survival. Here we have analyzed the structure of mouse Gjb3 as well as its transcriptional regulation by transient transfection of reporter gene constructs in HM1 mouse embryonic stem cells and a mouse keratinocytederived cell line, Hel37, as model systems for early development and skin, respectively. Like most connexin genes, Gjb3 is composed of two exons, the second of which contains the whole coding region and is separated from the first exon by an intron of 2.3 kb. Expression in keratinocytes is regulated by a basal promoter extending to 561 bp upstream of exon 1 in conjunction with a regulatory region between upstream positions 561 and 841. In contrast, expression of Gjb3 in embryonic stem cells depended on the basal promoter together with the intron. The enhancing effect of the intron was found only in embryonic stem cells and depended on its native position and the integrity of the splice sites. Thus, expression of Gjb3 in keratinocytes and embryonic stem cells is regulated by different cis-regulatory elements and differs in its requirements for the intron in situ.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"