JOURNAL ARTICLE

Outpatient treatment of venous thromboembolism with low-molecular-weight heparin: an economic evaluation

Daniel M Huse, Gordon Cummins, Douglas C A Taylor, Mason W Russell
American Journal of Managed Care 2002, 8 (1): S10-6
11822346

BACKGROUND: The development of low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) has made it possible to shift treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) from inpatient to outpatient settings, thereby saving costs and improving patient quality of life.

OBJECTIVE: To quantify the economic benefits of early discharge of patients treated for DVT with LMWH using data pooled from multiple healthcare plans.

METHODS: Data sources were integrated medical and pharmacy claims paid by 37 US health plans (the PharMetrics Integrated Outcomes Database, PharMetrics, Inc., Watertown, MA). Hospitalized patients discharged with a diagnosis of DVT were selected and grouped according to the anticoagulation therapy they received after discharge. Outcomes and costs of DVT treatment were assessed over a 1-year period.

RESULTS: Patients discharged on the LMWH enoxaparin and warfarin spent 2.6 fewer days in the hospital than those discharged on warfarin alone (P< .0001), resulting in cost savings of $1911 per patient. Mean costs of outpatient management of DVT, including pharmacy and medical services, were $901 higher in the enoxaparin/warfarin cohort, but rate of readmission was lower (6.7% versus 9.0%; P < .05) and hence subsequent inpatient costs were reduced by $140 per patient. Total cost savings in the enoxaparin/warfarin cohort, net of higher outpatient costs, were $1151 per patient.

CONCLUSIONS: Outpatient anticoagulation therapy for DVT with enoxaparin and warfarin is associated with earlier hospital discharge, fewer readmissions, and lower total DVT-related costs compared with warfarin monotherapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11822346
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"