COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Association between BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations and cancer phenotype in Spanish breast/ovarian cancer families: implications for genetic testing

Miguel de la Hoya, Ana Osorio, Javier Godino, Sara Sulleiro, Alicia Tosar, Pedro Perez-Segura, Cristina Fernandez, Raquel Rodríguez, Eduardo Díaz-Rubio, Javier Benítez, Peter Devilee, Trinidad Caldés
International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer 2002 February 1, 97 (4): 466-71
11802208
Index cases from a clinically relevant cohort of 102 Spanish families with at least 3 cases of breast and/or ovarian cancer (at least 1 case diagnosed before age 50) in the same lineage were screened for germline mutations in the entire coding sequence and intron boundaries of the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2. Overall, the prevalence of mutations was 43% in female breast/ovarian cancer families, 15% in female breast cancer families and 100% in male breast cancer families. Three recurrent mutations (185delAG, 589delCT and A1708E) explained 63% of BRCA1-related families. Early age at diagnosis of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, bilateral breast cancer, concomitant breast/ovarian cancer in a single patient and prostate cancer but not unilateral breast cancer were associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. Male breast cancer was associated with BRCA2 mutations. The presence of male breast cancer was the only cancer phenotype that distinguished BRCA2- from BRCA1-related families. We have developed a logistic regression model for predicting the probability of harbouring a mutation in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 as a function of the cancer phenotype present in the family. The predictive positive and negative values of this model were 77.4% and 79%, respectively (probability cutoff of 30%). The findings of our work may be a useful tool for increasing the cost-effectiveness of genetic testing in familial cancer clinics.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11802208
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"