Fondaparinux compared with enoxaparin for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective major knee surgery

K A Bauer, B I Eriksson, M R Lassen, A G Turpie
New England Journal of Medicine 2001 November 1, 345 (18): 1305-10

BACKGROUND: Despite thromboprophylaxis, major knee surgery carries a high risk of venous thromboembolism. Fondaparinux, the first of a new class of synthetic antithrombotic agents, may reduce this risk.

METHODS: In a double-blind study, we randomly assigned 1049 consecutive patients undergoing elective major knee surgery to receive subcutaneous doses of either 2.5 mg of fondaparinux once daily or 30 mg of enoxaparin twice daily, with both treatments initiated postoperatively. The primary efficacy outcome was venous thromboembolism up to postoperative day 11, defined as deep-vein thrombosis detected by mandatory bilateral venography, documented symptomatic deep-vein thrombosis, or documented symptomatic pulmonary embolism. The primary safety outcome was major bleeding.

RESULTS: The primary efficacy outcome was assessed in 724 patients. The fondaparinux group had a significantly lower incidence of venous thromboembolism by day 11 (12.5 percent [45 of 361 patients]) than the enoxaparin group (27.8 percent [101 of 363 patients]; reduction in risk, 55.2 percent; 95 percent confidence interval, 36.2 to 70.2; P<0.001). Major bleeding (including overt bleeding with a bleeding index of 2 or more) occurred more frequently in the fondaparinux group (P=0.006), but there were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence of bleeding leading to death or reoperation or occurring in a critical organ.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing elective major knee surgery, postoperative treatment with 2.5 mg of fondaparinux once daily was significantly more effective in preventing deep-vein thrombosis than 30 mg of enoxaparin twice daily.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"