Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
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Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2 ) and IGF-binding protein 1 (IGFBP1) gene variants are associated with overfeeding-induced metabolic changes.

Diabetologia 2001 December
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), IGF2, IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP1) and IGFBP3 gene variants on the metabolic changes observed in response to a 100-day overfeeding protocol conducted with 12 pairs of monozygotic twins.

METHODS: Genotyping was done by PCR-RFLP and DNA sequencer methods. Body fat measurements included hydrodensitometry and abdominal fat from computed tomography. Plasma glucose and insulin during fasting and in response to an OGTT were assayed. Plasma lipids were measured enzymatically.

RESULTS: In response to caloric surplus, fasting plasma insulin (p < 0.05) and OGTT insulin (p = 0.004) but not glucose area, increased more among the subjects with IGF2 Apa I GG (n = 12) than those with AA + AG (n = 12). The changes were independent of changes in total fatness. The subjects with IGFBP1 Bgl II AA (n = 8) showed greater increases in abdominal visceral fat (p < 0.01), OGTT insulin area (p = 0.05) and total cholesterol (p < 0.03) with overfeeding than the subjects with AG + GG (n = 16). IGFBP3 Nde I and the IGF1 (CT)n markers were not associated with responsiveness to overfeeding.

CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: Insulin sensitivity decreased in the subjects with IGF2 Apa I GG and the subjects with IGFBP1 Bgl II AA showed an accumulation of abdominal visceral fat and the early symptoms of the metabolic syndrome after long-term caloric surplus. Genetic variation at the IGF2 and IGFBP1 loci could be among the factors responsible for the inter-individual differences observed in the response to long-term alterations in energy balance and should be further investigated in larger cohorts.

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