Racial variations in postoperative outcomes of carotid endarterectomy: evidence from the Veterans Affairs National Surgical Quality Improvement Program

Ronnie D Horner, Eugene Z Oddone, Karen M Stechuchak, Steven C Grambow, John Gray, Shukri F Khuri, William G Henderson, Jennifer Daley
Medical Care 2002, 40 (1): I35-43

CONTEXT: Black patients and Hispanic patients receive carotid endarterectomy (CEA) at lower rates than white patients. It is unclear whether worse surgical outcomes are influencing clinical decision-making regarding use of the operation among minority group patients.

OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are racial differences in postoperative outcomes for patients undergoing CEA at Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers.

DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from an ongoing, prospective study on surgical quality and outcomes in the VA health care system.

SETTING: One hundred thirty-two VA Medical Centers that were part of the VA National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.

PATIENTS: A cohort of 6551 men (91.4% white, 5.3% black, and 3.3% Hispanic) who had CEA performed between October 1, 1994 and September 30, 1997.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were stroke or death and stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or death within 30 days of the operation.

RESULTS: Thirty-day postoperative rates of stroke or death and of stroke, MI, or death were generally low for all racial/ethnic groups, ranging between 2.6% and 6.5%. Within clinical states that define indications for CEA, rates were also low (1.6% to 3.2%) among asymptomatic patients across racial/ethnic groups. However, among patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA), Hispanic patients had significantly worse outcomes than white patients with a postoperative rate of stroke or death of 10.5% (P < 0.05) and stroke, MI, or death of 13.2% (P < 0.05) compared with 3.1% to 3.5% for white patients. Hispanic patients did not differ from black patients for stroke, death/stroke, death, or MI.

CONCLUSION: Rates of major postoperative complications after CEA are low within the VA and similar across racial/ethnic groups with the possible exception of Hispanic men with TIA. Further investigation of this elevated complication rate among Hispanic men with TIA may be warranted.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"