Incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome in term meconium-stained babies managed at birth with selective tracheal intubation

R Manganaro, C Mamì, A Palmara, A Paolata, M Gemelli
Journal of Perinatal Medicine 2001, 29 (6): 465-8
The delivery room management of infants born through meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) remains controversial. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate maternal and neonatal characteristics of MSAF infants and the incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in routine delivery room management which reserved selective intubation for depressed/asphyxiated babies. Between October 1993 and September 1997, a consecutive sample of 3745 full-term infants was analyzed. Of these, 361 were MSAF infants. No significant difference in maternal age, parity, gestational age, sex, low 1 and 5 minute Apgar scores, metabolic acidemia, or need for endotracheal intubation was found between MSAF and non-MSAF infants. Only one of the MSAF infants (0.28%), who needed intubation, developed MAS. Identification of postterm pregnancy and prenatal asphyxia is the best prevention of MAS.

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